Thanks to Education World for use of my Mrs. Waffenschmidt illustration.

Thanks to Education World for use of my Mrs. Waffenschmidt illustration.
Click on icon to go to my website:

Friday, February 19, 2016

Women’s History Month(March)

"Remember no one can make you feel inferior without your consent." 
—Eleanor Roosevelt  
In 1978, a school district in  California, organized a “Women’s History Week”. By 1981, Congress passed a resolution establishing a National Women’s History Week and in 1987, Congress created a month, March, to honor the contributions of women and to promote the teaching of women’s history. 

The following information may be helpful  for Women’s History Month. The 2016 theme for Women’s History Month is “Working to Form a More Perfect Union: Honoring Women in Public Service and Government”

At one time, women weren’t able to do many things because of their gender. Here are some women trailblazers.  Being the first, made it easier for other women to follow in their footsteps. Every year, new firsts continue to be made by women. Here is just a sampling of firsts made by women.

Lucy Brewer
First woman marine

Elizabeth Blackwell
First woman to receive a medical degree

Amelia Jenks Bloomer
Publisher/editor of first prominent women's rights newspaper

Harriet Tubman
First woman to run underground railroad to help slaves escape

Lucy Hobbs
First woman to graduate from dental school

Arabella Mansfield Babb
First woman admitted to the bar to practice law

Frances Elizabeth Willard
First woman to become a college president (Evanston College)

Victoria Chaflin Woodhull
First woman to be presidential candidate

Helen Magill
First woman to receive a Ph.D. degree (Boston University)

Belva Ann Lockwood
First woman to practice law before U.S. Supreme Court

Clara Barton
Founder of the American Red Cross

Suzanna Madora Salter
First woman mayor (Argonia, Kansas)

Marie Curie
First women to win  a Nobel Prize AND first person awarded TWO Nobel Prizes(as of 2016)
1903 AND 1911

Mary McLeod Bethune
First woman to establish secondary school that became 4-year accredited college

Blanche Scott
First woman to fly an airplane

Jeannette Rankin
First woman U.S. House Representative (Montana)

Bessie Coleman
First African American Female pilot in USA and first AMERICAN to receive an international pilot’s license.

Hallie Ferguson
First woman governor of U. S. state (Texas)

Amelia Earhart
First woman to be a passenger on an airplane across the Atlantic Ocean (1928)
and first woman to fly  across the Atlantic Ocean.

Jane Addams
First American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize

Hattie Wyatt Caraway
First woman elected to U.S. Senate

Amelia Earhart
First woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean

Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova
First woman to fly in space, aboard Vostok 6.

Mary Clarke
First woman to be named major general in U.S. Army

Sandra Day O'Connor
First woman a justice of the U. S. Supreme Court

Sally Kristen Ride
First American woman to reach outer space.

Ann Bancroft
First woman to walk to North Pole

Christa McAuliffe
First woman citizen passenger on a space mission

Lt. Col. Eileen Collins
First American woman to pilot a Space Shuttle

Madeleine K. Albright
First woman Secretary of State and highest ranking woman in the U.S. government

Condoleezza Rice
First African-American woman to be appointed Secretary of State

Nancy Pelosi
First woman to become Speaker of the House

Hillary Clinton 
First woman to be in a presidential primary and caucus in every state

Michelle Obama 
First African American First Lady

Kathryn Bigelow
First woman to win the Best Director Award

Mary Barra became the first  female CEO of General Motors

Women were allowed to compete in ski jumping events at the Winter Olympics for the first time!

Katie Higgins became the first female pilot of the Blue Angels(US Navy Flight demonstration  squad)

Megan Brennan
First female United Sates Postmaster General

1. Are there any areas in which women still have yet to make a contribution?

2.  What are 3 character traits of women who have been trailblazers? What would you list as 3 of your best character traits?

3.  The last woman to be on a U.S.paper currency was Martha Washington! There is an effort to change that in the United Sates. Thirteen other countries already have a woman on their paper currency. Which woman would you like to see on a $20 bill and why?

4.  There is a Hispanic Heritage Month, a Native American Month, a Black History Month and a Women’s History Month. Why do you think such months were established? Do you think there is a need for such months to highlight different groups? Why, why not?

5.  If you could interview a woman trailblazer(past or present), who would it be and why? What might be 2 questions you would ask of that person?

Sites of interest for additional materials:

3.   Statues built to honor woman 

4.   Quiz your women’s history knowledge(women adventurers)   Quiz your women’s history knowledge (women leaders)

5. Check out the National Women’s Hall of Fame, opened in 1979, in Seneca Falls, NY.    Check out the inductees to the National Women’s Hall of Fame:

6. Learn about the First Ladies of the White House

7. Another great source of women past and present 

10. The last woman to be on a U.S.paper currency was Martha Washington! There is an effort to change that in the United Sates. Thirteen other countries already have a woman on their paper currency. Which woman would you like to see on a $20 bill?

11. Did you know that Congress has voted to create a Women’s History Museum to be built in our nation’s capital, Washington, DC? (2014)
Women’ History Month: A Webquest on 10 women that made a difference:
Reader’s Theater Scripts:
Other Plays on Women in History: Dolly Madison, Abigail Adams, Lady Bird Johnson,Sacagawea, Harriet Tubman, Rosa Parks, Marian Anderson, and more:
Note: Photographs from of Elizabeth Blackwell:public domain)
* Left to right: Harriet Tubman, Margaret Mead, Amelia Earhart, Marie Curie,Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Blackwell


Check out this FREE Reader's Theater Script on First Lady Edith Wilson:

Monday, February 8, 2016

Valentine's Day FREEBIE!


Gail Skroback Hennessey

Valentine's Day is February 14th. The symbol of the holiday is a heart. What do you know about the human heart and the Valentine’s Day holiday? Grab a red pencil and use this web quest to find out some very interesting facts about the human heart and the holiday of Valentine’s Day! Then, try the RED Game!

1. In a lifetime, about how many beats can a person’s heart beat? _________________ What was Dr. Christopher Barnard, the first to successfully do, in 1967?____________________ The ancient Egyptians believed the heart was the center of what two things? _________________and ______________What is the only part of the body that does not get blood?______________________ Find the answers at this link:

2. There are FOUR parts of the heart. There are two____________and two _______________ compartments. Which have the oxygen filled red blood?___________________ Which has the purplish-blue blood (lacking
page1image9496 page1image9656
oxygen) which is returning to the heart?______________What is the size of the average heart? ______________
Find the answers at this link:

3. The ___________ carries the blood back to the heart and the _________carries blood from the heart to the body.Which part of the body protects the heart from injury? _________________ Find the answers at this link:

4. The heart is not actually located on the left side of the body. Where is it actually found and between which two organs? ____________________________________ During the average lifetime, about how many barrels of blood will be pumped?____________________ Find the answers at this link:

All things RED!
Test you “red” knowledge:
1. Name a jewel that is the color red:__________________________
2. Who is the famous cartoon dog of this color?___________________________

 3. A story about a girl and a wolf: _____________________________
4. Name a traffic sign which is red: ___________________________
5. Name a red bird: _______________________________________
6. Name a red insect: _____________________________________
7. Name two red fruits: ______________________________________
8.  Name three red vegetables:_________________________________________
9.  Which large planet has several big red spots?__________________________page2image10520 page2image10680 page2image10840 page2image11000 page2image11160 
Fun Facts
1. The capillaries are so tiny, it would take 10 human hairs to show their thickness. Think garden hose which is the width of the aorta, the largest artery in your body.
2. The average person has blood travel through their body in one day that would reach 12,000 miles if measured in a straight line.
3. Did you know when you sneeze, your heart stops? Each day, your heart beats about 100,000 times.
4. Your body has about six quarts of blood which circulate through the body THREE times in ONE minute.
5. The heart is a MUSCLE.

Teacher Page:
1. Before doing the activity, ask the students to share any prior knowledge they might have about the heart and the history of Valentine's Day.
2. Have students do the web quest and "All Things Red" in small groups. Then, as a class discuss the activity.
3. Discuss Fact and Opinion and have the small groups of students make up a 7 Fact/Opinion review on information learned in the activity to exchange with another group to complete.

Extension Activities:
1. Write a paragraph pretending you are the HEART and tell a day in your life. Include 3 facts learned about the heart in your story.
2. Make a Valentine’s Day card to give to someone in a nursing home or elderly person in your community.
3. Try the name that
candy quiz!
4. Charle Brown wants a Valentine on Valentine’s Day, in the television special, "Be My Valentine, Charlie Brown." How do you think he felt as Valentine’s Day approaches. How would you feel? Write a paragraph pretending to be Charlie Brown and share your thoughts.
5. Illustrate a Fun Fact.

Check out my Valentine’s Day Webquest which has 9 web questions, lots of additional extension activities and includes my Red Game (of 20 All Things Red statements): https://

Check out my Everything Has a History...even Candy! (A webquest/ extension activities):

Have a wonderful Valentine's Day!

Clipart from
page4image14288  page4image14616 page4image14776 page4image14936

Friday, February 5, 2016

Presidential Fun Fact Freebie:Possible Interactive Notebook Activity

Click Here to download the resource for  a possible Interactive Notebook Activity:

Gail Skroback Hennessey
Dogs, cats and birds  have often found a home in the White House. There have also been some unique pets such as John Quincy Adams’ pet alligator,Martin Van Buren two tiger cubs and James Buchanan’s elephant. President Coolidge had a wallaby and a pygmy hippo and Theodore Roosevelt had a lion, hyena, five bears, a piebald rat, and a zebra. Only Presidents Arthur, Fillmore and Piece had no pets.

President Washington was an avid spelunker,enjoying exploring caves. 

President Franklin D. Roosevelt was the only president to be elected  four times.The constitution was later changed to allow only two four-year terms.

President Theodore Roosevelt named the Executive Mansion or President’s House, the White House.

Only President George Washington did  not live in the White House. It was opened in 1800.

The Star-Spangled Banner became the National anthem under President Herbert Hoover.

President William Henry Harrison only served one month after taking the oath of office, dying from pneumonia.

President Van Buren is said to have started the expression OK, signing paper with his “Old Kinderhook” nickname.

Left handed President James Garfield  could write with both hands at the same time and in different languages such as Greek and Latin.

President John K. Kennedy was the first president who had been a boy scout in his youth.

President George W. Bush was appointed President in 2000 by Supreme Court after the election results gave him more electoral votes but his opponent, Al Gore won the popular vote. John Quincy Adams, Rutherford B. hayes and Benjamin Harrison also won the presidency without the majority of the voters. 

The teddy bear was named after President Theodore Roosevelt. 

President Richard Nixon was the first president to resign his presidency over a scandal called Watergate.

President Taft became chief justice of the Supreme Court after leaving the White House, saying he preferred this job to that of being President of the United States 

Gerald Ford was the only president of the United States to not be elected by the people. He was appointed vice president by President Nixon and later assumed the office of president when President Nixon resigned.

President John Quincy Adams liked to swims naked in the Potomac River the early morning.

Extension Activities:
Try this free web quest on the Presidents of the United States:

Pretend you are the President of the United States. Write a diary entry about a day in your life. Who did you meet in the Oval Office? What issue do you address? Etc.

Which president would you like to meet and why? What would you ask of this President?

What are FOUR characteristics you feel that someone who is President should possess? Why are these characteristics important?

You may wish to check out these resources:

Use this informative Reader's Theater Script to learn about Abraham Lincoln. The fun/informative play uses the format of Abraham Lincoln being a guest on a talk show and the studio audience asks questions about his life. Part of my Ms. Bie Ografee's Talk Show Series.

Did You know that President John Quincy Adams had an alligator? Martin Van Buren had two tiger cubs and President McKinley's pet parrot could whistle, "Yankee Doodle". Did you know that President Franklin D. Roosevelt served HOT DOGS to the King of England? Did you know that President Garfield could write with both his right and left hand at the SAME time? Presidential Webquest/Extension Activities:

Did you know that Florence Harding was the first woman to be able to VOTE for her husband in a presidential election? Learn about the contributions of some of our first ladies with this fun and informative webquest.

Learn about the White House with 10 informative web questions, comprehension and discussion questions and several extension activities.NEW:Check out all my resources(summaries) in one place: